Menopause marks the end of menstrual cycle and fertility in women. It is inevitable and occurs as a natural biological process of aging. Menopause is diagnosed when you have not had a period for a year without being pregnant or sick.
The process of menopause does not occur overnight, it is a gradual process. This so-called perimenopausal transition period is a different experience for each woman. The average age for the occurrence of menopause is 51. But it may occur as early as the 30’s or as late as the 60’s. Menopause before 40 is considered as early menopause. There is no lab test to predict the menopausal age.
Signs of Menopause
Perimenopause is not menopause. Perimenopause refers to the period of time right before menopause occurs. You enter menopause only after going without a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when the function of the ovaries ceases and she can no longer become pregnant. Every woman has a different experience with menopause. While some women may experience multiple physical and psychological symptoms, others may have no symptoms at all. The extent and severity of the symptoms vary among different women. Some of the signs are discussed below:
Changing patterns in your menstrual period may be a sign of menopause. Your periods may be longer or shorter, heavier or lighter and may happen with more or fewer time intervals between them.
• Hot flashes
During a hot flash, you may feel like your body temperature is rising. It affects the upper half of your body and may make your skin turn red. This rush of heat can result in sweating, heart palpitation and dizziness. You may experience cold chills after a hot flash.
Many women experience trouble in sleeping. Night sweats contribute to this problem. Difficulty in falling asleep results in unrefreshing sleep, in turn, leads to tiredness later during the day.
• Vaginal dryness
As the estrogen level falls, the tissues lining the vagina becomes thinner, drier and less elastic. This leads to vaginal dryness, itching and pain/irritation during sex. The vaginal changes also increase the risk of vaginal infections.
• Stress, Mood swings, and depression
Women in perimenopause experience a variety of physical and emotional symptoms including stress, mood swings, depression, fatigue, memory problems, and irritability. This happens because of the imbalance in hormone levels in the woman’s body.
• Physical changes
Many women have reported some degree of weight gain along with menopause. The distribution of body fat changes in menopausal women. It gets deposited in the waist and abdominal area rather than in the hips and thighs. There may be changes in skin texture, wrinkles, and may cause adult acne. Due to changes in hormone levels, some women may experience hair growth on the chin, chest, upper lip or abdomen.
Long-term health problems of menopause
The loss of estrogen during menopause leads to a number of health problems as women age. Bone health of women gets affected mainly. Osteoporosis is a condition which most women experience after menopause. Heart disease, poor bladder, poor muscle power, and a higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease are other long-term health problems. Regular consultation with the doctor before, during, and after menopause will help to lower the risks and maintain good health.
Important things to understand experiencing menopause
Menopause is a natural part of every woman’s life. It comes with a set of risks that may complicate your life. Therefore, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, get plenty of exercises and maintain a healthy weight. Regular visits with your doctor will help you to control adverse symptoms with appropriate treatments.
Why choose Rao hospital?
Rao hospital is one of the leading hospitals in Coimbatore providing complete women care. Experienced doctors give each patient the attention they need and give appropriate care. At Rao hospital, we understand the emotions the patients go through and help them through the difficult time. Our team of experienced doctors provide the best care and advice possible to menopausal women. We ensure safe and ethical practice which assures you with the best results. If you are suffering from menopausal problems, schedule an appointment with our doctors today.