What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is the condition in which the uterine tissue that normally grows inside the uterus is found outside it. This tissue may grow abnormally on the ovaries, urinary bladder, outer aspect of fallopian tubes, intestines, rectum and the space behind the uterus. It could also develop on a scar from an earlier surgery. Numerous problems are faced each time the woman menstruates as the uterine tissues outside the uterus also bleed. Exclusively seen in women of reproductive age, almost 10-15% is affected by this condition.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis vary from person to person. It could range from mild menstrual pain to infertility. Other symptoms include frequent or irregular periods, pain during sex also known as dyspareunia, painful menstrual cycles or dysmenorrhea, pain during passing stools, vague lower abdominal pain and chronic pelvic pain.

How to diagnose endometriosis?

  • Examination and clinical history inquiries by gynecologist
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy -for diagnosis as well as treatment

What is the link between infertility and endometriosis?

Research shows that approximately 25% to 50% women with infertility have endometriosis. Likewise 30 % to 50% of women with endometriosis have infertility.

How is endometriosis treated?

Treatment options vary depending on the type of problem the patient is suffering from. If pain is the primary cause of concern, anti-inflammatory medicines and/or hormonal medicines are prescribed.. Treatment by an infertility specialist is recommended for patients suffering from infertility. In such cases diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy is considered that increases the chance of pregnancy. For conception in some women with endometriosis and infertility, assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF or ICSI may be considered.